Thursday, July 7, 2016

Blanchard Hersey Situational Leadership Model

Hersey Blanchard Situational Leadership Model.

Ohio State studies have formed the basis for many theories of the different leadership, one that has been developed by Hersey and Blanchard, called Situational Leadership.

Situational leadership model is based on mutual between:
  1. the amount of guidance and direction (task behavior) a leader provides,
  2. the amount of emotional social support (relationship behavior) a leader provides,
  3. the level of preparedness that followers exhibit in carrying out certain tasks, functions or purposes.
Each quadrant represents a different leadership styles. Style Manager uses determined by the readiness of followers or groups. It is defined as the ability and willingness of subordinates to accomplish specific tasks. As Figure 48 illustrates, the continuum of readiness followers can be dividend into four levels (see Figure below). Each represents a different combination of ability and willingness follower or belief. In short, the relationship style of leadership readiness is as follows:

Readiness Level 1
Style 1 MatchTelling: This style (say, guiding, directing, building) is appropriate when an individual or a group of lower ability and willingness and need directions. E F
Readiness Level 2
Style 2 MatchSelling: This variety of readiness (individuals or groups who are still not able to, but they do try), indicating that the selling style of leadership (sell, explain, persuade, clarification) will be the best.
the level of readiness 3
Style 3 MatchParticipating: If an individual or group that is rated at moderate to high levels of readiness (capable of but not really willing), this model shows that the forces participating (participated, encourage, collaborate, conduct) leadership will be the best.
Readiness Level 4
4 MatchDelegating style. If an individual or group that is rated at a high level of readiness (both ready and willing, or ready and confident), then this model indicates that the style of delegating D F (delegating, observing, monitoring, meet) will be the best.
The last component in the theory of Hersey and Blanchard defines four stages of maturity:

R 1
People are not able and not willing to take the responsibility to do something.
R 2
People are not able but willing to do E F tasks necessary work.
R 3
People can but do not want to do what they want leaders.
R 4
People are able and willing to do what is asked of them.
To determine what the leader's leadership style should be used with a particular situation, he had to do several things:
First, leaders must decide this field individual or group activities of what he wants to influence. The second step is to determine the ability and motivation (degree of readiness) of individuals or groups in each region were selected. The final step is to decide which of the four styles of leadership will be in accordance with this individual in each region.

Model HersyeBlanchard has several advantages:
  • easy to understand and apply.
  • the model emphasizes that the different styles according to subordinates the same, depending on their maturity with reference to each task.
  • The model assumes that managers control results.
  • The model stresses the need for leaders to respond to the needs of subordinates' psychological support
However, like other contingency approach to leadership, situational models do not take into account other factors: such as the time available or needs deeper and motives of workers.

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