Saturday, July 2, 2016

The History of Black Leadership

Black leaders are defined as such because they are acting in the interests of society and of their race. They not only promote the development of their own communities, but they also help break down social barriers imposed on other minorities. A black leader is usually an important status within a social institution of major economies. Jacob U. Gordon in his book Black Leadership for Social Change black define leadership as "black self-determination process, the search for the realization of the 'American Dream' for all black Americans." black leaders would push for solidarity racial, cultural and religious nationalism and black nationalism.
The History of Black Leadership
Black Leadership
The history of black leadership stems back to slavery and emancipation of African-American people. The American Revolution and the writing of the Constitution first introduced the ideology of freedom and equality for all Americans, including the black slaves. Jupiter Hammon, Phillis Wheatley, Gustavus Vassa, Benjamin Banneker and Paul Cuffe was the first black man in America to gain their own independence and become independent. Blacks in the North began to open their own schools, knowing full well that the key to freedom is knowledge. Rev. Richard Allen rights form the Free African Society in 1787, provides assistance to African Americans. Allen tried to enforce discipline among his fellow blacks, prohibiting drunkenness and bad behavior and encouraging industry. He and Absolom Jones formed the African Protestant Episcopal Church St. Thomas and Bethel African Methodist Episcopal Church in an attempt to escape from the white Methodist church and build a sense of togetherness. Allen knew that the only weapon that people have against discrimination and degradation is a sense of pride and accomplishment.

At the beginning of the 19th century, the first real stirrings for emancipation began to shake the foundations of slavery and cotton production in the United States. At this time, a number of slave rebellion shook the foundations of society plantations in the South. Nat Turner, a slave preacher of Southampton County, led a historic rebellion in which he and his servants to kill their masters and more than 60 whites. They then tried and hanged, but they managed to break the white perception of blacks as submissive and childish. Before the Civil War, Frederick Douglass acts as a political representative for the African-American community. Douglass act as a consultant to President Abraham Lincoln on African-American affairs. He was a self-taught slave with an impressive speech skills that he used publicly to condemn slavery. Douglass was quoted as saying. "If we ever get free from oppression and injustice heaped on us, we had to pay for their removal We must do this by labor, by suffering, by sacrifice, and if needs be, by our lives and the lives of others."

Challenges and difficulties of the African-Americans faced bring leadership potential among those brave enough to look for it. Harriet Tubman escaped to freedom and helped more than 300 slaves find a safe journey through the Underground Railroad crossed the Mason-Dixon Line. Martin R. Delany is a great supporter of Pan-Africanism, nationalism which emphasizes pride in African heritage. After the Civil War, 1870-1901, 22 blacks served as a member of Congress. These people are well-educated, ambitious and dignified.

Despite the fact that blacks have won their freedom and voice, rampant racial discrimination well into the 20th century. Ku Klux Klan is a threat of violence in the South, blacks thwarting of maintaining their constitutional rights. William Edward Burghardt Du Bois, civil rights leader of educated, demanding full citizenship for blacks. During the 1940s, Du Bois was active in the NAACP, National Association for the Advancement of Colored People. civil rights leaders of other black during the 1940s and 1950s including the Whitney Young Jr., Marcus Garvey and A. Philip Randolph.

The most influential and impressive of all the leaders of the civil rights of black Martin Luther King Jr. In 1955, after Rosa Parks refused to give up her seat to a white man on a bus, the King started the boycott which effectively ended racial segregation on public transportation. He formed several organizations, including the Southern Christian Leadership Conference and the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee. He organized mass protests and marches that encourages civil rights legislation in 1964 and 1965 major and made it an icon for his speech "I Have A Dream." In 1968, King was killed. civil rights leaders more follow the lead of King Edward William Brooke, Adam Clayton Powell Jr., Roy Wilkins and Thurgood Marshall.

Source : https://www.questia.com/library/psychology/groups-and-organizations/leadership/black-leadership

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